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Walsh County Press
Park River , North Dakota
July 2, 2014     Walsh County Press
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July 2, 2014

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PAGE 4 PRESS PERSPECTIVES JULY 2, 2014 Last week was a reminder that we don't live in the safe little bubble we think we do. It is a numbing thing to be able to say that you know of someone who has been murdered. I wasn't friends with Joeluis, (he was closer in age to my younger siblings) but I knew who he was. Just about everybody in the area knew who he was. The morning of the incident, my Facebook newsfeed was inun- FROM THE EDITOR'S DESK... By Julie Garden-Robinson, Food and Nutrition Specialist BY ALLISON OLIMB EDITOR, WALSH COUNTY PRESS dated with friends writing mes- sages of shock and sadness. It was an ongoing tribute to a father, brother, son, friend. It was an outcry over the loss of a kind man who went out as a hero. It was a reminder to love your family because no matter how careful you are you never know what tomorrow may hold. This happened on the day be- fore I had planned to take my family on a mini vacation. Hello, I don't recall this country ever looking so green! And the hay crop could go down as one of the best ever. We put the header on the trac- tor yesterday and made the first few rounds. Today, I get serious about cutting this hay. I've often said that North Dako- ta has only two seasons. "Feeding hay season", and "making hay season". This year they kind of run together. We're feeding hay, plant- ing hay, and baling hay all at the same time. Well, I use the term "we" loose- ly. Will is planting hay. Shirley is feeding and baling hay. I'm writ- ing and occasionally announcing a rodeo. Life is great when you are in charge. Whenever we start haying, it brings back lots of memories. Look over towards the shop in the evening and you can picture Grandpa Herb or Uncle Hugh sharpening a seven foot sickle. Or replacing a wooden pitman. Usu- ally with a curious grandson or grandaughter sitting on a bucket watching. Just a little closer than they should be. You can see Grandpa Jack, or Grandpa Darret, heading for an old hay truck with a water jug wrapped Hat in burlap bags to keep it cold. This was back before they invented ice. I can remember Uncle Bill get- ting a small square bale off the top of a two ton truck loaded with hay bales and weighing it, just out of curiousity. 110 pounds ! And then throwing it back up on the truck by hand. Six tiers high! I can close my eyes and see, just as clearly as if they were before me, Slim, Fat, and Kenny, along with myself, heading out at day- light to start hauling little squares. Knowing that if we got a thousand hauled, we could quit for the day. And go swimming in an alkali lake. I can smell Mom's cooking when you came in from the hay field. Knowing there would be ice tea and a wonderful meal. And she would patch the holes we wore in our overalls. Or we would take Tehr Grease, and glue canvas on the fronts of your pants. I have a tendency to overwork, scriptions were vague. The early I have a tendency to snap at my reports were spotted with drug kids. I have a tendency to bark at my husband for not reading my mind. I went home that day and. I hugged my kids. I told my hus- band I loved him. I went on va- cation with my family and I did not work. I did not take them for granted. We went camping at Lake Be- midji State Park. It wasn't a fancy vacation. We slept on the ground. We cooked over a fire. We took our chances with West Nile Virus. I avoided the Internet until Saturday when I caught a glimpse of the investigation update on a quick bump of the Facebook. To be honest, I did not expect the murders to be caught. The de- claims and crappy neighbors. I had little faith in the system. The Grand Forks Police De- partment exceeded my expecta- tions. I felt relieved but not com- forted. The bubble already had popped. It will slowly grow back, as it did after Dru Sjodin, but that bubble will never be as strong as it once was. In that moment Joe was sim- ply trying to be a father, but to the rest of us he will always be re- membered as a hero. Like" the Walsh County Press on Facebook and check out our blog at http://walsheounty- press, wordpress, com Tips I can recall the year we plant- ed trees North of the House. A mile of the cutest little trees you ever saw. And I was rtmning a new Ver- satile 400 swather. And I cut right up to that tree row and called it a day. Jerry came home from the riv- er right at dark and saw that new swather sitting there. He couldn't resist. He had to make a round. One mile up cutting chokecherry bushes! One mile back cutting bull pine! I don't know the protein val- ue in baby trees. But I saw a look in Shirley's eyes I don't want to see again. I can remember when we got our first stack frame and began stacking loose hay. We were going to town then! Put two kids in the frame with pitchforks and start bucking hay in with an "A" John Deere. And riding down on the push off after the stack was fin- ished. And looking back with pride on perfect stack, that didn't lean and would shed water like a duck. I remember switching Howards water jug with a real HiLex jug and waiting for him to take a drink. I was not a very nice little boy! I can see a ten or eleven year old boy, the first time he was sent to rake a field. Two rounds this way, and one back. Two rounds this way, and one back. And know- ing that someday, you would get to run the baler! I remember Dad's and Grand- pas hands. Black with that old black grease from working on mowers and square balers and loaders and trucks. I can remember Uncle Hugh and Grandpa Jack cutting hay on the res. In places that were too rocky for a cow to graze! And they hayed and baled and stacked until the snow forced them to quit. Hard work. And great memo- ries. Take a minute and smell they hay. You too can see your Grand- pa, or your Dad, or yourself, and smile. As you look back on that stack of squares that is just perfect! Later, Dean Samaritan ) 5;i)cict00 Happenings at Our Good Samaritan Nannette Hoeger, Aetii, itieS Dir. Thank you to Dave Laaveg for having us out to see the horses last week they all enjoyed seeing the colts and some even seeing a horse from his daughters past fair project. They are still talking about how nice it was. We have been busy picking salad in our garden. It is nice to have fresh spinach and radishes. As the garden grows so will our choices. This week June 29th- July 5th June 29th Worship 2:30 w/Pastor Masko, 3:30 Crafts June 30th 10am Embroidery Group, lpm Drive, 4pm Hymn Sing, 5pm Rosary, 6:45 Bingo July 1st 10am Men's Time, lpm Making Cookies, 3:30 Bible Study, 6:45 Polish Dancers July 2nd 3pm Bingo July 3rd l pm Baking Cupcakes, 3:15 Piano w/Father Luiten, 6:30 Movie Night July 4th 1 lam Dinner Parade to Follow, 3pm 4th of July Social July 5th 9:30 Mass, lpm Ice Cream Social, 2:30 Bingo Thank You to our many Volunteers, Pastor Masko, Shirley Sobolik, Lin- da Larson, Lois Ydstie, Cheryl Cox, Mary Seim, Karla Nygard, Arnold Braaten, The Polish Dancers, Dorothy Larson, Jeanean McMillan, Father Luiten, I am sorry Jf I have missed anyone. We are still in need of Vol- unteer piano players for devotions and worship. Please contact Rose UI- land at 701-284-7115 if you have time or a talent to share with us. />i111:1!!/!i!% ?i i=ii(: i! St4oUI00 you nK00',xN6 FOR HEPA0000_s? Walsh County Health District Short Shots Hepatitis" means inflammation of the liver and is usually caused by a virus. In the U.S., the most common types are Hepatitis A, Hepati- tis B, and Hepatitis C. Millions of Americans are living with viral hep- atitis but most do not know they are infected. People can live with chron- ic hepatitis for decades without having symptoms. The Center for Disease Control has an excellent online risk assessment to help you determine ifyou should get tested for any of the types of Hepatitis. It is very simple to fill out, it takes about 5 minutes, and at the end it gives you a print out that tells you what blood test you should get, and why. Here is the site to take this simple test. If you are not able to do this for yourself, take this information into your doctor's office and have them do it for you, or discuss it with your doctor. Or, give us a call and we can help you go through the risk as- sessment. (701-352-5139). Hepatitis C is a leading cause of liver cancer. Many people are in- fected, but don't know that they are. Is Voter 119 Program During the 2014 election cycle, North Dakota will be spending $700,000 on advertisements to re- mind voters that they now need an ID to vote and that ID voting is as "easy as pie." The first defense for spending this huge sum of money is that it is federal money. If this money had to come from the state treasury, it would never be spent. But we all know that federal money is cheap so we can spend it without justifi- cation. In reaction to the frustration and guilt rising out of the 1992 election debacle in Florida, the federal gov- ernment launched the Help Amer- ica Vote Act to get the state and local elections systems cleaned up. North Dakota didn't need its elec- tion system cleaned up but we have been taking the money any- way. Another defense for requiring IDs and spending $700,000 is that we need to protect our election sys- tem from fraud. If you believe that the North Dakota election system is fraught with fraud, I have a gunny sack and flashlight for you to go snipe hunting tonight. Some years ago, I did a survey on election fraud in North Dakota for a nonprofit organization in New York. They wondered how we got by without voter registra- tion. I solicited information from the election inspectors in our major cities and all 53 states attorneys. None of the inspectors reported fraud but one states attorney be- lieved that felons were voting in his county. I dismissed his allegation. It was speculative at best. If there were felons voting, he was the one re- sponsible for prosecution. He did- "n't really believe it or he would have been acting on that belief. (Of course, our statutes have been changed so felons now may vote upon completion of their prison time.) In most states, politicians are carried away by partisanship in shaping election laws. During the recent legislative sessions held in most states, the Republican legis- latures passed laws to restrict vot- ing and Democratic legislatures passed laws to liberalize voting. Both parties are hoping to win or lose elections through manipu- lation of the election laws. In some states, it may make a significant difference but not in North Dakota. Let's look at precinct consolida- tion for an answer. We have re- duced the number of voting precincts in North Dakota from 2,500 to less than 500 over the past 40 years. At one point, I studied compa- rable precincts in several counties and found that consolidation was not discouraging people fi'om vot- ing. This tells us something about the North Dakota voter. The explanation for this persist- ence can be found in our political culture. Early settlement de- manded self-reliance and rugged individualism. It is in our genes. Our political institutions were shaped to accommodate participa- tion. Any effort to reduce citizen involvement has failed, e.g. leg- islative efforts to curtail the initia- tive and referendum, reduction of the number of counties or town- ships, or elimination of state offi- cials. Because of our culture, barriers to voting, including the ID re- quirement, will be overcome by most North Dakotans. So is it prudent to spend $700,000 in taxpayer money to promote the ID requirement that may be "easy as pie" but not as easy as when a voter without ID could swear out an affidavit and cast a ballot? We could dismiss the signifi- cance of the ID regulations since it may disenfranchise only a handful of voters. However, even in those cases, maybe democracy for a few is still too important to cast aside for more convenient administra- tion. this money had to come from the state treasury, tt would never be spent. But we all know that federal money is cheap so we can spend it without justification." Prairie Fare NDSU Extension Service Last week, I received a call from someone outside of North Dakota who told me a tragic story. According to my caller, a woman had prepared a main dish in a slow cooker. When it was done, she turned it off, covered it and let it stand on the counter for many hours. Later, she ate some of the food. Investigators determined that botulism was the cause of death. My caller said he was attending her funeral, and he asked me if I could write something about botu- lism to warn others. In 1995, the Departments of Health in Arkansas and Oklahoma investigated a similar case. The patient had been admitted to a hos- pital with dizziness, blurred vision, slurred speech, difficulty swallow- ing and nausea, which are hallmark symptoms of botulism. He needed to be placed on a ventilator. The investigators learned that he had eaten homew.anned green beans and stew with roast beef and pota- toes. Contrary to what people sus- pected, the beans were not the issue in this case. The stew tested positive for the botulinum toxin. It had been covered with a heavy lid and was allowed to stand for three days on the stovetop. The U.S. Department of Agri- culture recommends that perishable food spend no more than two hours at room temperature. The number of botulism cases per year is relatively low, but the fa- tality rate is high. The symptoms usually show up 18 to 36 hours af- ter eating the food. Clostridium botulinum is the name of a group of bacteria usual- ly found in the soil, so that is how the bacteria "hitch a ride" on veg- etables. The bacteria can form spores (protective coats) that allow the organism to survive in nature's harsh conditions. The toxin can form in low-acid, anaerobic (oxy- gen-free), warm conditions. We usually associate foodbome botulism with foods improperly canned at home, but other foods also have been implicated. Besides beef stew, onions sautred in margarine and left in a pile on a grill, foil-wrapped baked potatoes left on the counter ovemight, and pot pies all have been linked with bot- ulism outbreaks. Mushrooms, ripe olives, tuna, liver pate, luncheon meats, sausage and smoked fish are among other foods that can support the growth of the toxin. If you make food ahead of time or have leftovers, be sure to cool foods quickly. Toxins can form in food that is not cooled fast enough. Some toxins can be inactivated by 10 minutes of boiling, but prevent- ing the toxin from forming is the best way to protect ourselves. As we would expect, thicker foods, such as chili or stew, take a longer time to cool. Here are the steps to cool foods quickly: Place thick foods, such as stew or chili, in shallow pans no more than 2 inches deep. Cut meat into thin pieces. Make your sink into an "ice bath" to cool foods quickly. Place food in a pan, then set it in the ice bath, stirring regularly. Leave out some of the water in the recipe and add ice near the end of cooking to chill the food. If you plan to can vegetables, meats and other low-acid foods at home, remember that you need to use a pressure canner, not a water- bath canner. Pressure canners heat the foodto about 240 F, which in- activates the spores that can produce the deadly toxin. Add acid, such as lemon juice or citric acid, to toma- toes to ensure they are at a safe acid- ity level for water-bath canning. Use safe, research-tested salsa recipes when canning. Visit edu/food for a wide range of food preservation materials. Julie Garden-Robinson, Ph.D., R.D., L.I D., is a North Dakota State University Extension Service food and nutrition specialist and professor in the Department of Health, Nutrition and Ex- ercise Sciences. Editor's Note I The Extension Ex.ql/ange coqumnn was not avai!able this week. It will return assoon as posslo!e .  '  : : ' i ,.. Around the County Walsh County Extension Office Park River - 701-284-6624 HorticulaweAlem Invas00 can cause damage to berries, tart cherries In just five years, an invasive vinegar fly from Asia, the spotted wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophi- la suzukii has been identified in over 70% of the US states. The SWD has the ability to cause considerable damage to soft skinned fruits, so learning how to identify and man- age this insect is very important. The introduction of the invasive fly to the area will change the way North Dakota growers manage and spray their late season fruit crops, as insecticides just before harvest has not been typical in the past. What sets SWD apart from oth- er vinegar flies, is the way they lay their eggs into soft fruits. While oth- er vinegar flies attack overripe and rotten fruits, the SWD will target fresh, healthy ripening fi'uits, where the larvae (maggots) will feed and cause spoilage. While not knowing for sure without sending samples to the lab, I suspect this fly has reached Walsh County this past year, as we have gotten calls about last season's frozen raspberries having maggots present. Unfortunately, it looks like the problem may have already ar- rived. Preferred host species include: Raspberries, tart cherries, ever- bearing strawberries, and black- berries, but if skin is cracked or dam- aged, apples, grapes and tomatoes may also serve as a host. Wild host species include chokecherry, com- mon nightshade, common buck- thorn, and elderberry. Late summer and fall fruit crops are most sus- ceptible to SWD damage as popu- lations rapidly increase beginning late summer. There are a few different ways to manage and minimize potential damage to fruits caused by SWD. Harvest fruit on a regular schedule as soon as first fruits ripen, and do not allow fruit to over-ripen or re- main unharvested. Destroy infest- ed fruit to minimize population growth by placing in tightly sealed black plastic bag in sunny location for a week, or freeze at -20 F for a week to kill eggs and larvae. SWD favors cool, shady areas- opening the canopy of the fruits may help with control. On wild hosts on your property, remove egg-laying sites to help control population. Fruits and fi'uit clusters can be bagged in fine mesh netting (less than lmm) when beginning to ripen; make sure mesh is not touching fruit and the top is sealed tightly. Consider growing berries that ripen earlier like June- beating strawberries, rather than everbearing. Insecticides are also an option when non-pesticide strategies do not provide control. It is important to remember that insecticides are poi- sons and one must fully understand and read the label as well as un- derstanding application rates and timings before use. Preharvest in- terval (PHI) is the number of days between the last pesticide applica- tion and safe harvesting of edible crops for immediate consumption. The PHI should always be ob- served and followed according to the label of the product chosen. Most insecticides are toxic to pol- linators and should not be used when bees and other pollinators are active. The best time to apply is in the evening. If you would like more infor- mation on identifying the SWD or other information, call or stop in to your local extension office. Sources: http://www'ag'ndsu'edu/publica- tions/landing-pages/gardens-lawns- trees/spotted-wing-drosophila-in-nd-e-1715 Dates to Remember: July 8 - Walsh County Plot Tour, Extension Office Park River, 6 pm August 8 - Confederate Railroad Kickoffconcert, Coliseum Park River, ND